The impala (/ ɪ m ˈ p ɑː l ə,-ˈ p æ l ə /, Aepyceros melampus) is a medium-sized antelope found in eastern and southern Africa.The sole member of the genus Aepyceros, it was first described to European audiences by German zoologist Hinrich Lichtenstein in 1812. Early fossils of A. jubatus were discovered in Northern Tanzania, Africa. The cheetah is a wild cat that lives in South-, East-, and North Africa. Two subspecies are recognised—the common impala, and the larger and darker black-faced impala. In May 1981, two spotted sisters gave birth there and each litter contained one king cheetah. Scientific Name: Acinonyx jubatus jubatus. The English word, "cheetah", comes from the Hindu word "chita" meaning the "spotted one". The hippopotamus (/ ˌ h ɪ p ə ˈ p ɒ t ə m ə s / HIP -ə- POT -ə-məs ; Hippopotamus amphibius), also called the hippo , common hippopotamus or river hippopotamus , is a large, mostly herbivorous , semiaquatic mammal and ungulate native to sub-Saharan Africa . The cheetah is a specialized hunter of open plains, chasing down extremely fast small antelopes as its primary prey. Its species status was resolved in 1981 when king cheetahs were born at the De Wildt Cheetah Center in South Africa. The South African Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus jubatus), also known as Namibian Cheetah, is the nominate subspecies of cheetah native to Southern Africa.It is the most abundant subspecies estimated at more than 6,000 individuals in the wild. They have slender bodies with a yellowish tan-colored fur with black spots and a white belly. By 1987, 38 specimens had been recorded, many from pelts. This subspecies’ tail is also notably thick. The cheetah is the solely taxon not being reported to show a rare color variation. Scientific Name: Acinonyx jubatus soemmeringii Lifespan: up to 10 years Origin: Northeast Africa Common Names: Somali cheetah, Northeast African cheetah, Central African cheetah. The genus name, Acinonyx, is interpreted as 'non-moving claws', referring to the semi-retractable claws. The South African cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus jubatus), also known as the Namibian cheetah, is the most numerous and the nominate cheetah subspecies native to Southern Africa.Since 1986, it has been classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN. Acinonyx jubatus jubatus,the South African Cheetah was named by Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in 1775. The scientific name for cheetah is Acinonyx jubatus. On land, it’s the fastest animal in the world and can reach speeds up to 112 km/h (70 mph). Subspecies: There are currently four recognized subspecies of cheetah: Asiatic cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus) – Critically Endangered, only found in Iran. The cheetah has made a number of behavioral adaptations to increase survival chances, which range from staying close to the mother when young to avoid predators and the mother hiding cubs in holes or bushes while she gathers food for the young, to the fact that male cheetahs travel in groups, while the female always travels alone. When reaching top speeds, a cheetah's body is under tremendous stress. A cheetah's adaptations make it the fastest animal on land, capable of reaching speeds near 70 miles per hour in only three seconds. The species name, jubatus, means "maned", referring to the mantle on a young cheetah's back. Region: Kaokoland. Scientific Name: Acinonyx jubatus Conservation Status: Vulnerable. The oldest cheetah fossils, found in eastern and southern Africa, are approximately 3.5 to 3 million years old. Size: medium-sized Species: South African Cheetah. 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