[24] Later that same year, Byng met at a local party Marie Evelyn Moreton, the only daughter of Sir Richard Charles Moreton, who had himself served as comptroller at the Canadian royal and viceroyal residence of Rideau Hall, under the then Governor General of Canada the Marquess of Lorne. Their su… From 1921 to 1926, he served as Governor General of Canada. However, the term can continue beyond five years and is brought to an end by the installation or the swearing-in of a successor. Lord Byng was well-known to Canadians before his appointment as Governor General. Lord Byng Elementary School in the Steveston neighbourhood of Richmond, British Columbia, is an elementary school named after The Lord Byng of Vimy, the Governor General of Canada from 1921 to 1926. To many veterans of the First World War, he was simply the hero of the Battle of Vimy Ridge – the general who led the Canadian Army to victory the first time all four of its corps fought together as one unit. Lord Byng took to his office enthusiastically, further entrenching many of the traditions established by his predecessors. Lord Byng served as Canada’s 12th Governor General since Confederation, from 1921 to 1926. The following is a list of the governors and governors general of Canada. King-Byng Crisis a Canadian constitutional crisis that occurred in 1926, when the Governor General of Canada, the Lord Byng of Vimy, refused a request by his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, to dissolve parliament and call a general election. [25] Byng himself said of the matter: "I have to await the verdict of history to prove my having adopted a wrong course, and this I do with an easy conscience that, right or wrong, I have acted in the interests of Canada and implicated no one else in my decision. File:Lord Byng of Vimy, Governor General of Canada (HS85-10-39171).jpg. [28] Byng thereafter served on the front lines, during which time he ended up in command of a group of columns, was mentioned in despatches five times (including by Lord Kitchener on 23 June 1902[29]), and in November 1900 was promoted to brevet lieutenant colonel and in February 1902 to brevet colonel. In 1916, during the First World War, he took command of the Canadian Army Corps on the western front. Byng refused because the motion was still under debate and, instead, requested the Opposition form a government under Arthur Meighen. [7], At a meeting of the Jockey Club in 1882, Byng's father was asked about his sons by his long-time friend, Albert Edward, Prince of Wales. The following is a list of the governors and governors general of Canada. [39], It was April 1909 when Byng was promoted to major-general and,[40] though he was placed on half pay, Byng—with added income from editing the Cavalry Journal and serving as the first north Essex District Commissioner for the Boy Scouts—purchased his first house, Newton Hall, in Dunmow, Essex. Lord Byng took to his office enthusiastically, further entrenching many of the traditions established by his predecessors. Jeffery Williams, born in Calgary, Alberta in 1920, is the recent recipient of the Governor- General's Literary Award for Non-fiction and the University of British Columbia's Canadian Biography Award for his highly acclaimed biography of the former Govener- General of canada, Lord Byng of Vimy, published in 1983. Byng took the title “Byng of Vimy” on being raised to the peerage after the war. The school opened in 1925 and was named in honour of The Lord Byng of Vimy, a hero of Vimy Ridge as well as the Gallipoli Campaign, who was la The attack, which resulted in the deaths of both of Byng's squadron's other officers, was unsuccessful,[11] and fighting continued, with Byng's horse being killed under him on 13 March at the Battle of Tamai. Known to friends as "Bungo", he was born to a noble family in Hertsmere, England, and educated at Eton College, along with his brothers. On leaving Canada on September 30, 1926, the Byng's returned to England with many close friendships they had established while serving Canada. [51] The next month, though he was offered the Southern Command, Byng retired from the military and moved to Thorpe Hall. Byng was promoted to full general in 1917 and was made a field marshal in 1932. [38] After appointment as a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1906, he was again back in Aldershot, in command of the 1st Cavalry Brigade. He thus, in order to dedicate his time to preparatory studies, which continued when the regiment moved in 1891 to Ireland, resigned his commission as adjutant and turned down an invitation from Prince Albert Victor to join him in India as an equerry. Upon hearing that Byng had not yet found a permanent career, the Prince offered a place for him in his own regiment, the 10th Royal Hussars. During this campaign, he asked Marie Evelyn Moreton, the only daughter of Sir Richard Charles Moreton, comptroller at Rideau Hall during the term of office of the Marquess of Lorne, to marry him. [25], Lord Byng of Vimy was buried at the 11th Century Parish Church of St. Leonard in Beaumont-cum-Moze. [12], In June 1885, the regiment was relocated to the South Cavalry Barracks at Aldershot,[12] where the Prince of Wales' eldest son, Prince Albert Victor, joined the regiment and thereafter the Prince of Wales and his other son, Prince George, became frequent visitors. He occupied that post until succeeded by Lord Byng of Vimy in 1921. Lord Byng most famously turned down a request from the prime minister of … Keep exploring with these topics: Facing a third vote on the question of government corruption, and having already lost two previous votes on questions of procedure, Mr. King went to the Governor General seeking a dissolution of Parliament. [4][3][5][n 1] He was promoted to lieutenant on 23 April 1881. Lord Byng Secondary School is a public secondary school located in the West Point Grey neighbourhood on the west side of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. In the 1925 election, the Conservative party won the most seats, but not a majority. There, he befriended individuals who would be his contemporaries when he attained senior rank in France. FOR SALE! What could anybody make of such vagaries? This was partly due to his popularity but also because he was appointed following direct consultation with the Canadian government. Talk of women being mutable—he could have given points and a beating to any one of them! The King–Byng Affair (sometimes referred to as the King–Byng Thing, the King–Byng Wing Ding, or the Constitutional Crisis (1926)) was a Canadian constitutional crisis that occurred in 1926, when the Governor General of Canada, the Lord Byng of Vimy, refused a request by his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, to dissolve parliament and call a general election. The King–Byng affair was a Canadian constitutional crisis that occurred in 1926, when the Governor General of Canada, the Lord Byng of Vimy, refused a request by his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, to dissolve parliament and call a general election.. Once Byng was enrolled at the Staff College, he found amongst his fellow students men with whom he would be closely associated more than two decades later—Henry Rawlinson, Henry Hughes Wilson, Thomas D'Oyly Snow, and James Aylmer Lowthorpe Haldane—and in 1894, while en route to visit a friend at Aldershot, travelled with a cadet at the nearby Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Winston Churchill. Gen. Lord Byng. This was the most expensive regiment in the army, and the Earl of Strafford could only afford to give Byng two hundred of the six hundred pounds he would need each year, but the Prince's offer could not be refused. During the summer of 1884, Byng spent much of his time playing polo and training recruits and horses, and in July, for his services in Sudan, he was mentioned in despatches. Toronto, Canada. Known to friends as "Bungo", he was born to a noble family at Wrotham Park in Hertfordshire, England, and educated at Eton College, along with his brothers. [36], In his first two years of marriage, Byng's wife suffered several miscarriages, resulting in the declaration that she would be unable to bear children. The school's colours are scarlet and grey, and our school teams are known as the Following his term as Governor General, Lord and Lady Byng returned to England where he was raised in the peerage as Viscount. Lord Byng died in 1935 and Lady Byng returned to Canada during World War II to live with friends. Jeffery Williams, born in Calgary, Alberta in 1920, is the recent recipient of the Governor- General's Literary Award for Non-fiction and the University of British Columbia's Canadian Biography Award for his highly acclaimed biography of the former Govener- General of canada, Lord Byng of Vimy, published in 1983. Byng proved to be popular with Canadians due to his war leadership, though his stepping directly into political affairs became the catalyst for widespread changes to the role of the Crown in all of the British Dominions. Governor General Byng again refused, citing non-interference in Canadian affairs. "[57], Byng returned to England on 30 September 1926, and in January 1928 was created Viscount Byng of Vimy, of Thorpe-le-Soken in the County of Essex. [49] In the United States, Byng's exploits during the First World War were commemorated near the town of Ada, Oklahoma, when in 1917 a post office and power plant were named after him, leading to the later emergence of the town of Byng. Once in power, Mackenzie King's government sought to redefine the role of Governor General as a representative of the Sovereign and not the British government, and this was soon put into effect. According to Freeman Clowery, 50 gold, 305 silver, and 888 bronze medals were awarded. On June 14, 1926, Canada’s governor general, Lord Byng of Vimy, arrived at Bonaventure Station with Lady Byng for a farewell visit. Lord and Lady Byng, who had been scheduled to leave Canada earlier in the summer, delayed their departure until the election was over. He would, however, only reside there for two years, as, exactly the same amount of time after taking command of the East Anglian Infantry Division of the Territorial Force in October 1910,[41] Byng became General Officer Commanding the British Troops in Egypt,[42] where he remained until the outbreak of the First World War. Lord Byng's appointment was less controversial than that of his predecessor, the Duke of Devonshire. [23] By December 1894, Byng graduated from the Staff College and was immediately appointed to command the A Squadron of the hussars. Since then, the rights of the Governor General have been clarified, and ultimately the Statute of Westminster was passed in 1931, … During this period, Byng also developed a liking … Montreal songwriter Jules Brazil wrote a welcome song in 1921 that began “Wh… Byng’s appointment was far more popular with the Canadian public than that of his predecessor, the Duke of Devonshire, because he was admired as Commander of the Canadian Corps at Vimy Ridge and had been chosen in direct consultation with the Canadian government. Counting on the support of the Progressive Party to overcome the Conservative minority, Mackenzie King, the Liberal Party leader, did not resign as Prime Minister and remained in power in the House of Commons until 1926. Lord Byng had worked to represent the interest of Canadians as much as possible, and despite the political crisis, did leave a much-respected man. LORD BYNG ON RETIRED LIST; Former Governor General of Canada Is 67 Years Old Today. 7 October 1919 - 2 August 1921: General the Right Honourable the Lord Byng of Vimy 2 August 1921 - 5 August 1926: His Excellency General the Right Honourable the Lord Byng of Vimy, Governor General and Commander-in-Chief of the Militia and Naval and Air Forces of Canada The King–Byng affair was a Canadian constitutional crisis that occurred in 1926, when the Governor General of Canada, the Lord Byng of Vimy, refused a request by his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, to dissolve parliament and call a general election. Freeman-Thomas was born in England and educated at Eton College and then the University of Cambridge before serving for … [3], With three sons already in the army and another already put up for the 7th Queen's Own Hussars, Byng's father did not think he could afford a regular army commission for his youngest son. More formally, he was known as The Right Honourable Lord Julian Byng of Vimy, Governor-General of the Dominion of Canada. For these services he was promoted to the rank of general, and after the war was raised to the peerage as 1st Baron Byng of Vimy of Thorpe-le-Soken, in Essex, on October 7, 1919. His medals in gold, silver and bronze were struck by Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co. Ltd. in England. Politically, much was made of the 'Byng-King Crisis' during the election campaign. By 1916, he was given the command of the Canadian Army Corps. Lord Lisgar was appointed Administrator of Canada from the time that Lord Monck left office in 1868 until he was sworn in as Governor General on February 2, 1869. In 1916, during the First World War, he took command of the Canadian Army Corps on the western front. After the First World War he served as governor-general of Canada from 1921 to 1926. Lord Byng is the seventh son of the second Karl of Stratford, and was horn September 11. The King/Byng Crisis was the first time a Governor General had refused the request of a Prime Minister, wielding his royal prerogative. In 1925, Lady Byng presented a trophy to the National Hockey League, which, to this day, recognizes sportsmanship and excellence in play. At the time the school opened, Lord Byng was the Governor General of Canada. Mackenzie King fired the Minister of Customs and promptly named him to the Senate, creating even more dismay among the members of the Progressive Party, who had already been withdrawing their support for the Liberal government. To many veterans of the First World War, he was simply the hero of the Battle of Vimy Ridge – the general who led the Canadian Army to victory the first time all four of its corps fought together as one unit. Gen. Lord Byng. Julian Hedworth George Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, GCB, GCMG, MVO (11 September 1862 – 6 June 1935) was a British Army officer who served as Governor General of Canada, the 12th since Canadian Confederation. Byng took the title “Byng of Vimy” on being raised to the peerage after the war. Lord Byng refused the request and the crisis began. BYNG OF VIMY Ridge WW1 Governor General Canada Jeffery Williams London Police - $15.99. On December 6, 1869, hopes of appeasement led him to declare an amnesty during the Riel confrontation. [25], While it had been acceptable prior to the turn of the 20th century for Canadian governors general to involve themselves in political affairs, being, as they were, representatives of the King in his British Council, Byng's tenure as governor general was notable in that he became the first to step directly into political matters since the country had gained a degree of autonomy following the First World War. The carriage draws up in front of a line of mounted guards. However, the Liberals were returned to power with a clear majority and King as Prime Minister. As a result, Canada was left temporarily without a Prime Minister and government until the Governor General invited Arthur Meighen to form a government. The school officially opened in 1925 and was named in honor of Julian Hedworth George Byng, the Lord Byng of Vimy, a hero of Vimy Ridge and the Governor General of Canada at the time. Byng was appointed as the regimental adjutant on 20 October 1886,[13] only nine days before the death of his father, who left Byng a watch and £3,500. By June, he was in command of the Canadian Corps and was promoted when, for distinguished service, the King made substantive Byng's rank of lieutenant-general. When the First World War came, Lord Byng first campaigned in France with the British Expeditionary Force as commander of the Cavalry Corps. Lord Byng officially opened in 1925 and was named in honor of Julian Hedworth George Byng, the Lord Byng of Vimy, a hero of Vimy Ridge and the Governor General of Canada at the time. He also broke with tradition and was the first Governor General to appoint Canadian aides-de-camp - one of them was Georges Vanier, who later served as Governor General from 1959 - 1967. The new House, largely due to the support of the Progressives, backed the minority Liberal government. He was promoted to lieutenanton 23 April 1881. [15] It was also at this time that Byng became acquainted with the Lord Rowton, who, along with the Guinness Trust, was trying to improve housing for skilled workers in London. Three years after attaining the rank of field marshal, he died at his home, Thorpe Hall on 6 June 1935. The school opened in 1925 and was named in honour of The Lord Byng of Vimy, a hero of Vimy Ridge as well as the Gallipoli Campaign, who was largely responsible for the incorporation of tanks on a large scale at the Battle of Cambrai in 1917. Upon graduation, he received a commission as a militia officer and saw service in Egypt and Sudan before enrolling in the Staff College at Camberley. Lord and Lady Byng also travelled more than any of their predecessors, making extended trips to western Canada and the North, taking the opportunity to meet with many Canadians. He was the first Governor General of Canada to appoint Canadians as his aides-de-camp (one of whom was future Governor General Georges Vanier) and approached his viceregal role with enthusiasm, gaining popularity with Canadians on top of that received from the men he had commanded on the European battlefields. King, the Liberal leader and prime minister of the previous Parliament, declined to turn power over to the Conservatives but instead met with the House of Commonsto let Parliament decide who should govern, as was his right. Once in power, King's government sought at a Commonwealth conference to redefine the role of Governor General as a representative of the Sovereign and not of the … His medals in gold, silver and bronze were struck by Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co. Ltd. in England. [10], It was while the regiment was on the way home to Great Britain in 1884 that the Hussars were diverted to the Sudan to join the Suakin Expedition, and on 29 February Byng, along with the rest of his regiment, rode in the first line of the charge at the first Battle of El Teb. Later, he commanded the 9th Army Corps in the ill-fated Dardanelles Campaign and supervised the withdrawal from the Straits. 50mm. Lord Byng was well-known to Canadians before his appointment as Governor General. Download this stock image: Lord Byng of Vimy, Governor General of Canada (HS85 10 39171) - KDFH2F from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. In 1921, the Colonial Office in the United Kingdom proposed Byng as governor general of Canada after “a group of influential Canadians” recommended him. The Lord Byng (1862-1935), who served as governor general from 1921 to 1926, was the last GG to openly defy a prime minister. The school's colours are scarlet and grey, and our school teams are known as the Lady Byng was pleased with her husband’s appointment as governor general in 1921. Item title reads - Lord Byng Governor General opens Canadian racing season and presents Cup to winner of King's prize. He then returned briefly to the United Kingdom to take leadership of the 3rd Cavalry Division before going with the British Expeditionary Force to France and the First Battle of Ypres. He was always passionate about sport, and both he and his wife particularly loved ice hockey – Lord Byng rarely missed a game played by the Ottawa Senators. [25] The Battle of Cambrai was later considered a turning point in the war and Byng was honoured on 24 November 1917 by having his temporary rank of general made substantive;[47] however according to the World War I memoir of A S Bullock, the First Battle of Cambrai failed to breach the Hindenburg Line, due to lack of reserves, and it was at General Byng's second attempt to take Cambrai in 1918 that the British triumphed, owing to sufficient troops and supplies being in place 'to sustain the attack day and night until the Germans were broken'. Mr. Meighen did so, but within a week lost a non-confidence vote in the House of Commons. Thus, at the age of 17, Byng was instead sent into the militia and on 12 December 1879 commissioned as a second lieutenant into the 2nd (Edmonton) Royal Middlesex Rifles (later known as 7th Battalion King's Royal Rifle Corps). In 1916, during the First World War, he took command of the Byng Of Vimy General and Governor General by Jeffery Williams published by 293509854596 She died in 1949. [55], The Governor General travelled the length and breadth of the country, meeting with Canadians wherever he went. Byng New Governor General of Canada. [25], In June 1917, and holding the temporary rank of general,[46] Byng took command of Britain's largest army, the Third Army, until the cessation of hostilities and, with those troops, at the First Battle of Cambrai, conducted the first surprise attack using tanks. Viscount Byng of Vimy died in 1935, much mourned by Canadians, including those he had led successfully in battle. Byng was born at the family seat of Wrotham Park, in Hertfordshire, as the seventh son and 13th and youngest child of the Earl of Strafford (who, due to the size of his family, ran a relatively frugal household) and Harriet Elizabeth Cavendish, daughter of the Lord Chesham. Appointed by the Sovereign under the advice of the Prime Minister, the Governor General usually holds office for five years. One of those books is a biography of Lord Byng, who was governor-general from 1921 to 1926. Field Marshal Julian Hedworth George Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, GCB GCMG MVO (11 September 1862 – 6 June 1935) was a British Army officer who served as Governor General of Canada, the 12th since Canadian Confederation.. In 1926 he fired Prime Minister Mackenzie King (1874-1950) after King attempted to call an election that Byng considered unwarranted. The Liberals were returned to power with a clear majority and Mackenzie King as Prime Minister. MAY SUCCEED LORD BYNG. Lord Monck, the country's first governor general at Confederation, was sworn in on 1 July 1867. Lord Byng had studied at Eton, and then began a military career in which he saw service in India and in South Africa during the war of 1899 - 1900. He gained his greatest glory with the Canadian victory at Vimy Ridge in April 1917, an historic military victory for Canada that inspired nationalism at home. [43], After three months serving as commander of the Cavalry Corps, beginning in May 1915, at which time he was also made a temporary lieutenant-general,[44] Byng was off to Gallipoli to head the IX Corps and supervise the successful British, Australian, and New Zealand forces withdrawal from the ill-fated campaign. Viceregal Consort of Canada . [30] The beginning of 1902 brought more significant events for Byng, with his return to England in March,[31] an audience with King Edward VII the following month,[32] at which he was appointed to the Royal Victorian Order as a member 4th class (MVO),[33] and his marriage to Evelyn Moreton at St Paul's Church, Knightsbridge, on 30 April 1902. [53], After Byng was made in July 1921 a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, it was announced on 2 August that King George V had, by commission under the royal sign-manual and signet, approved the recommendation of his British prime minister, David Lloyd George, to appoint Byng as his representative in Canada. Byng accompanied Rowton around the poorest areas of the city and suggested that retired senior soldiers from the rank-and-file be hired to maintain order in the Rowton Houses that Rowton had set up, thus starting a long-lived tradition. Byng struck up a friendship with both Albert Victor and George, but did not socialise with them much outside of army circles. Field Marshal Julian Hedworth George Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy GCB GCMG MVO DCO (11 September 1862 – 6 June 1935) was a British Army officer who served as Governor General of Canada, the 12th since Canadian Confederation.. He also broke with tradition and was the first Governor General to appoint Canadian aides-de-camp -- one of them was Georges Vanier, who later served as Governor General from 1959 - 1967. LONDON, June 3 (by the Associated Press).—The appointment of Lord Byng of V ray as governor general of Canada in succession to the Duke of Devonshire was announced officially today. 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